The Growing World Food Shortage
There is a mounting world food shortage problem in many areas around the globe. The world economy is in such turmoil that this could easily cause a situation where world food shortages become a widespread global issue. There has been a dramatic increase in food prices around the globe for stable foods such as maize, lentils, flour, and oil. These basic foods are the substance that many families around the world live on from day to day. When the costs of these essential foods rise, it dramatically affects those relying on them. For example, what used to take a days wage to buy may now take three weeks wages to purchase. That places many families in dire circumstances.
One other food shortage that is becoming a very big issue is the lack of rice in Asian countries. The price of rice over the past 20 years has risen substantially. Many farmers in some Asian countries such as the Philippines are no longer growing rice because they have found more profitable crops to grow in their fields. Drought has also prevented some rice crops from growing well.
Where is a World Food Shortage Going On Right Now?
Certain parts of India, China, the Horn of Africa and many other African nations, and many South Asian countries all suffer from food shortages. There are many other areas that are affected, however, these are just some of the more prominent ones at the moment. It is estimated that within the next 5 - 10 years, world food shortages will become even more common.
Environmental Reasons for World Food Shortage
Bangladesh is particularly prone to food shortages due to the constant flooding the country experiences regularly. Their particular geographic location is not suitable for growing crops. Natural disasters like flooding wipe out crops and diminish the food supply.
Government Influence a Cause of World Food Shortage
In other regions of the world, farmland has been redistributed to novice farmers who are not experienced in producing large scale crops. Because of this, they are only able to produce a small harvest. In addition, many of these farmers lack the necessary equipment to help them produce the largest harvest possible. A smaller harvest causes food prices to rise. This increase is so much that many people can't afford to buy the food they need. In addition, many food-producing nations are imposing food export restrictions. These restrictions increase the price of local commodities and in poor countries that already face food deficits, millions will starve.
Civil Unrest a Cause of World Food Shortage
Another reason for the world food shortage that is taking place relates to civil unrest. In countries where there are conflicts, it is very difficult for anyone to plant a crop and reap a harvest. Furthermore, enemies might destroy crops that are growing in regions that are unstable. Civil unrest also accounts for many water supplies being destroyed or polluted. Whenever one nation goes against another, they often go in and destroy the water pumps, crops and livelihoods of the enemy.
Lack of Water is Another Cause for World Food Shortages
Food shortages can also be attributed to the lack of water. Reduced rainfall, along with no good methods of capturing rainfall in basins or containers, both eventually lead to a lack of food in some form or another. People don't have the means to water their crops or irrigate their fields. There is also no water for livestock or even their own personal uses.
What are Some Solutions ADRA Provides to End World Food Shortages
One improvement provided by ADRA has been solar wind pumps in Somalia. These solar wind pumps are helping the people there by powering their massive irrigation systems. They are able to grow all types of food in different areas simply because of ADRA placed solar wind pumps that bring water up out of the ground.
ADRA is also involved in large agricultural projects where tools, training, and methods appropriate to the environment are all brought to local communities and farmers. Furthermore, ADRA educates farmers and communities on ways to sell their excess food to make a profit. Until this training and marketing was introduced, many communities would simply throw out excess food, allowing it to go to waste. Now, they sell excess food for money they can use in their families and communities to improve their quality of life.
One Way to Make a Personal Difference to Help Reduce Word Food Shortages
In South Africa one ADRA horticulturist has developed his own system for growing simple gardens. The system is so easy to maintain, that even people confined to wheelchairs are growing their own gardens. The simple gardening and irrigation kit he created costs $25.00. This is just one example of how anyone can make a difference in the lives of people living on the other side of the world. This is so affordable that most people can become directly involved in helping to solve the world food shortage problem for one family. ADRA is also working on helping countries develop strains of crops that are resistant to disease. One great success story regarding this involves a mango farmer. At 78 years old, this farmer had no natural children of his own. He and his wife took in 14 orphans whose parents had died from AIDS. He said that ADRA had done so much for him that he felt he had to give back. ADRA works with countries, communities, and families to instill that everyone helping each other is the right way to live.
fund means that children, women, and men worldwide will continue to have the food they desperately need.